Monday, October 29, 2012

What Effect Does Charismatic Leadership Have on Productivity Management?

One of the challenges researchers have expressed about the charismatic leadership model is the inability to measure the factors that make this model effective. For example, how do you measure inspiration?  How to you measure loyalty to a mission? In the long run, these factors weigh heavily on the productivity of followers and employees.  Although the charismatic leadership model’s effectiveness is intangible, like any leadership model, it has to have quantifiable measures in place.  

At present, there had been numerous productivity measurement techniques used by different groups of people for different purposes and reasons. These techniques had been developed for different applications, too.  There is need, therefore, to combine and unify these differing views and techniques. Basically, this is simply to be able to come up with a better and more comprehensive understanding of the concept of productivity.  However, in discussing productivity, different authors had allocated the use in different ways such terms as “measurement”, “evaluation”, “performance”, “improvement”, and “productivity”. Let us re-introduce them.

Strictly speaking, productivity is interpreted as output divided by input (O/I). This is because it is easily defined, calculated and implemented.  Performance, however, is a broader term than productivity because it includes such factors as quality, customer satisfaction and worker morale. These are not easily quantified.  Their inclusion into the calculations makes them more difficult, makes them fuzzy, and dilutes the clarity of the measurements.

Again, strictly speaking, measurements are numerical indexes. Productivity measurement is one. It is expected that the same inputs should produce the same outputs – a number factor.  One advantage of this is the fact that the index does not depend on who collected the data or when it was collected.

Evaluation and measurement
Measurement is the methodology of establishing the amount of work involved in a work function. Evaluation is using measurements that are not strictly quantitative. It makes use of such measures as good, bad, poor, superior, fast and others.  The use of qualitative measures makes the manipulation of the data difficult, although it allows the inclusion of previously unmeasured work aspects. It is hoped that the application of fuzzy mathematics to such terms may make them useful someday.

Productivity improvement
This is the change sought, noted, or measured in productivity. It can also refer to the designed change to produce positive changes in the measured productivity. The term also refers to the change in productivity that had resulted from such design change. 

Historically, productivity measurement systems are almost always not welcome to managers and workers alike. The strongest objection to measurement of knowledge worker productivity is inaccuracy of the results.  This productivity measurement is very valuable as a dynamic gauge, not a static measure. What this means is that since these inaccuracies are consistent, the dynamic measure will be an accurate indicator of the relative change.  However, managers assume that the exercise is not that important and a useless measure for the simple reason that it is not that accurate.

The expectation of workers is another tall hurdle in implementing productivity measures. In the past, productivity efforts were detailed and highly organized, very structured and well-documented.  Productivity measures of knowledge work are more loosely structured and less accurate than the measures of other types of work. People are always reluctant to accept anything less structured and less accurate.

Suggested solutions
In the past, knowledge work has been exempted from productivity evaluations because of complexity. It also has some costs.  To offset this mindset, authors and experts suggest preparing the work area and the people involved.  A big part of managing these productivity programs includes discussions, group participation, and self-evaluation. The latter is where charismatic leaders thrive. If employees are encouraged to communicate openly and honestly as well as participate in formulating initiatives, productivity will increase.  When committed employees are productive and innovative, profits also increase.  A logical correlation can be made with the effectiveness of charismatic leaders to fuse creative inspiration with high productivity and profitability.

For more information on developing the charismatic leadership skills to spark productivity and innovation within your organization, visit: Charisma

Saturday, October 27, 2012

How Charismatic Leaders Think Outside the Box for Creating Innovations & Solving Problems

Charismatic leaders often congeal seemingly disconnected ideas into one space to create awe-inspiring innovations.  When innovators talk about thinking outside the box, they mean coming up with creative ways to solve problems - new ways to look at things. How do they do it? How can you do it too? We first have to ask what the "box" is. Then we can look at how to get outside of it.  The "box" is the normal way of doing things and looking at things. It is the assumptions that almost everyone involved is making. The best way to start thinking out of the box is to identify and challenge all the assumptions that make up thinking inside the box.

One of the major liquor brands was faltering years ago, and they couldn't seem to boost their sales. Promotions, lowering the price, getting better shelf placement - these were the "in the box" solutions. Then someone challenged the assumptions by asking "What if we stopped the promotions and just raised the price?" The price was raised as an experiment and sales soon doubled.  As it turns out, some types of liquor are bought quite often as gifts. Buyers don't want to buy the most expensive one, but they also don't want to seem cheap, so they won't buy products that don't cost enough.  Now imagine what happens to your profit margins when you raise the price and double the sales. That's the power of thinking outside of the box.

Ways to Get Outside the Box
Challenging assumptions is a powerful creative problem solving technique. The difficult part is to identify the assumptions. If you are designing a new motorcycle, write down assumptions like "speed matters," "it has to run on gas" and "it needs two wheels," not because you expect to prove these wrong, but because challenging these can lead to creative possibilities. Maybe the time has come for an electric three-wheeled motorcycle.

Another way to get to creative solutions is to "assume the absurd." This is either fun or annoying, depending on how open-minded you can be. All you do is start making absurd assumptions and begin finding ways to make sense of them. The easiest way to do it is by asking "what if."  What if a carpet cleaning business was better off with half as many customers? It seems absurd, but work with it. Hmm...less stressful, perhaps.  More profitable if each customer was worth three times as much. Is that possible? Commercial jobs that involve large, easy-to-clean spaces (theaters, offices, convention halls) make more money in a day than houses with fewer headaches. Focusing on getting those accounts could be the most profitable way to go - not so absurd.

Another way to get more innovative ideas is to literally do your thinking out of the box.  Get out of the house or the office. Look around at how others are doing things. On buses in Ecuador, salesmen put a product into everyone’s hands and let them hold it while they do a sales pitch. Then you have to give back "your" product or pay for it. It is very effective. How could you use the principle in your business?

To develop the leadership skills to be more innovative, visit: Charisma

Thursday, October 25, 2012

How to Increase Your Productivity at the Office Like Charismatic Leaders

Have you ever wondered how one person started a business, religion, or idea single-handedly?  How that one person was able to wear so many different hats to achieve a goal?  Well, charismatic leaders often have to be one person teams before anyone else believes in their mission. You don’t have to lead a mission or crusade to be productive like charismatic leaders, but you do have to develop a system for productivity to be fruitful in the long run.

Do you often fail to meet deadlines at the office? Do you think you are completing less work? If you do, you should boost your productivity. Many employees do not recognize the need to increase productivity while working for someone else.  If the day seems to be just a typical day, chances are you are procrastinating. Your motivation to get things done could be affected. It is time to be more productive so you could do more and become more of your ideal self. 

How could you increase your productivity at the office? There are practical ways to do so. For a start, you should learn how to properly set goals. It would be advisable to set goals every day. For example, you should have goals for today. Those could include finishing a long-overdue paperwork, starting immediately on a new project, or completing usual tasks. Do not overlook simple and small goals. Work to achieve those goals on a daily basis. You would be surprised how much work you could get done in a week and in a month. 

De-clutter your workstation. Is your office table always too crowded? There could be too many documents or piles of papers sitting on your table top. Getting your table clean is one gauge you are productive. Try to finish all the papers-to-do. Set aside or put out all unnecessary things like photo frames, figurines, books, or small ornaments. Such things could only accumulate clutter, which in turn could hamper your free and fast movement in your own work place. 

Free your personal computer from many unnecessary files. Productivity is affected when your PC is full of many unnecessary files. The function of the machine could be slowed down. Finding and retrieval of important files could be harder as there would be confusion. Organize your computer files. Sort documents and categorize them properly. Delete unnecessary files or store them in your backup or removable disk. 

Report to work on time. Punctuality is an important factor to productivity. If you come to the office on time, you could start working early. You would observe that at the end of each day, you are able to achieve and complete more tasks. 

Lastly, maintain your focus. You should resist using the Internet for unnecessary activities. It would be better if you could work offline so you would not be tempted to surf for sports news or shop online. Your productivity would be bolstered because there would be minimized distractions. At the end of the day, you would find yourself doing more work.  

Charismatic leaders are extremely productive, whether they are building their own companies or overseeing departments within organizations. To begin designing your ideal life, become productive by organizing a system that works for you.

For more information on developing charismatic leadership skills that lead to greater productivity, visit: Charisma

Tuesday, October 23, 2012

For Charismatic Leaders, Innovation Is a State of Mind

Charismatic leaders are known for creating great visions and innovations seemingly out of thin air.  You probably know the myth of innovation as a sudden flash of insight that comes from nowhere. We read about that "aha" moment or that light bulb turning on in the mind of some inventor or innovator. This is true to a certain extent. Einstein really did get flashes of insight while shaving in the morning.  However, he was of course working on the particular problems he had insight into and he didn't suddenly have ideas for new kitchen gadgets or movie plots.
Einstein’s innovations, in other words, no matter how "sudden" the original ideas were, came from past and present mental work. It is like a singer who works at his craft for ten years and then becomes an "overnight success." Innovative people only have "sudden" new ideas because they have habitually worked and thought in certain ways for some time. If you want to become an innovative thinker, why not start cultivating those mental habits?

Mental Habits Lead To Innovation
Problems can be opportunities.  A "Problem" may have a negative connotations, such as being a hassle or stressful, but any problem can lead to an innovation that improves our lives. Not knowing the time led to clocks small enough to put on our wrists. Nasty diseases lead to sanitary sewer systems. Start looking for opportunity in every problem. Even a mundane problem like not having enough storage space could lead to a new innovation. You may just build a plywood floor in the attic, but you could invent a new type of outdoor storage unit.

Innovation begins with understanding the key elements. Metal, wood, and glass are not key elements of a door to an innovator. A way to get in, a way to keep others out - these are key elements. Begin with these and soon you're imagining new ways to make a door. You could design a door that is opened by your voice (nice when your hands are full) or one that shuts and locks itself when anyone else approaches. Think of the key elements in things.

Attitude helps innovation. The creative problem-solving technique of concept-combination involves combining two ideas to see what new idea or product results. The crucial point is that you assume there will be a useful new idea. Starting with that assumption, your mind will work overtime to produce something.  A shoe and a CD have nothing to do with each other, but it took just a minute to imagine a CD player with headphones that only plays the music correctly if a jogger maintains his ideal pace. When you assume there is something there you'll often find something.

Playfulness helps innovation. A playful mind is a creative mind and while high IQ doesn't correlate with creativity, put it together with playfulness, and you have an Einstein. Remember, he imagined himself riding on a beam of light in order to arrive at his theory of relativity. Why not start playing with ideas and things in your mind and in your surroundings.  Innovation should be fun and an excellent way of doing good while doing well.

To develop the leadership traits of innovators, visit: Charisma

Monday, October 22, 2012

Cutbacks Slice Into Productivity

World business conditions notwithstanding, many companies nowadays are filled with apprehension and anxiety as to their future. Businesses are cutting back their employees’ work hours. Productivity is not only at a standstill in some places, it actually had gone down in some, too. Some businesses had their employees take one paid day off every pay schedule. Others have their office days only from Monday to Thursday while still others shortened their work days.
Impact on productivity
There were two interesting reactions to these cost-cutting methods done by businesses. The first outcome was totally unexpected.  While there was some lost productivity because of fewer working hours and also because of the negative working environment that it created, many businesses discovered that productivity during working hours was actually higher than before the cuts were implemented. There were two reasons forwarded as to why business productivity may be higher as a consequence of decreased hours in the work place.

The first was the employees’ perception that they have lesser time available to them to complete the same amount of work as they did before.  It moved them to put extra efforts to get everything done, and worked harder than they had in the past.  Second, the motivation of fear was strong. People were worried that the cutbacks were just the beginning and that more layoffs were soon to follow.  In an effort to keep their jobs, the people worked harder than before to at least put on a picture that they are worth keeping as employees.

Negative motivations
On the other hand, both of these motivating factors are unfortunately short-term situations. After the workers adapted to the shorter work hours, their stress levels decreased in regards to their perceived amount of time to get the job done. Soon, they reverted back to their old coffee breaks and Internet surfing instead of working.  Regarding the motivation of fear, it did not take long for the working environment to become highly negative. Negativity in the office tends to decrease productivity.

Some businesses have seen more employees spending more time at the proverbial water cooler. They are griping about the fact that they do not have enough money because of the present cutbacks.  Because of the negative atmosphere around, nobody wants to contribute anymore to the overall good of the business (which decreases productivity). After the fear stopped motivating these employees, the result is lower productivity in the office.

Some suggestions
Companies that may discover themselves to be in this situation need to do some damage control on the employees’ morale. The goal would be to maintain a positive working environment. Keep open all lines of communication with everybody. Airing things out soothe nerves and can bring back people to their ideal selves.
Make it apparent to everyone that you are all working together to get through the present difficult times. This is better than fighting each other all the time for petty things. In such a relaxed atmosphere, people tend to calm down and become their productive selves once again.

To cultivate the necessary leadership skills for improving employee productivity, visit: Charisma

Sunday, October 21, 2012

Innovation: The Life Blood Of Your Business

The Charismatic Leadership model is often credited for developing great innovations and If you’re running or managing a business and want it to be around for a long time, you need to spend a good part of your time innovating. That’s because, in a fast-moving world, where people expect things to get better and better, and cheaper and cheaper, innovation is your route to getting ahead of your competition.

Here are 7 ways to put new life blood into your organization through innovation.

1. Create An Innovative Climate. Goran Ekvall of Lund University in Sweden has defined three conditions needed for a climate of innovation. They are: trust, dynamism, and humor. One of Ekvall’s case studies was a Swedish newspaper where the team working on the women’s section consistently outperformed all the other teams. The reason? Quite simply, this group trusted one another, had a high level of energy and shared a common sense of humor.

2. Develop Washing-Up Creativity. According to the Roffey Park Management Institute, most flashes of inspiration come to people when they are away from work and not forcing their conscious brains to find solutions to their problems. For some, ideas come while mowing the lawn or taking the dog for a walk or playing golf or waiting on a railway station. For Isaac Newton, it was an apple on the head while sitting in the garden. For Archimedes, it was in the bath. For others, it’s while doing the dishes; that’s why Roffey Park calls these flashes of insight: “washing-up creativity”.

3. Make New Connections. Making new connections between existing features of your product or service is a popular way to innovate. Akio Morita, chairman of Sony, said that he invented the Walkman because he wanted to listen to music while walking between shots on his golf course. His team simply put together two seemingly incompatible products: a tape recorder and a transistor radio.

4. Find Out What People Need. Necessity is a great spur to innovation. Take, for example, writing paper. The Chinese had already made paper from rags around the year 100 BC but because there was no need for it, nothing came of it. When it did reach Europe in the Middle Ages, when writing was all the rage, the supply of rags and worn-out fabric soon dried up. That’s when a French naturalist made the discovery that wasps made their nests by chewing wood into a mash that dried in thin layers. Within 100 years, all paper was made using the idea of wood pulp.

5. Test, Test, Test. Product testing is the way most inventors and organizations go about innovation. It may not be the quickest route to success, but it is often the surest. Jonas Salk, for example, discovered the polio vaccine by spending most of his time testing and testing and continually finding out what didn’t work. Thomas Edison, the inventor of the filament light bulb, recorded 1300 experiments that were complete failures. But he was able to keep going because, as he said, he knew 1300 ways that it wasn’t going to work.

6. Adopt and Adapt. One relatively easy approach to innovation is to notice how others deal with problems and then adapt their solutions to your own. It’s known as “adapt and adopt”. It’s what watchmakers Swatch did when they realized that the more reliable their watches became, the less people needed to replace them. Their solution? Borrow an idea from the world of fashion and collections by turning their watches into desirable fashion accessories. Now people buy Swatch watches not just to tell the time but because it’s cool to do so.

7. Take Lessons From Nature. If you really want to be inventive, you can’t beat nature. The world of nature gives us an endless supply of prototypes to use in our own world. Take Velcro, for example. Velcro was patented by Georges de Mestral in 1950 after he returned from a hunting trip covered in tiny burrs that had attached themselves to his clothing by tiny overlapping hooks. De Mestral quickly realized that here was an ideal technique to fasten material together. A whole new way of doing things was suddenly invented.

The history of the world is the history of innovation. Thomas Kuhn called each acceptance of a new innovation a “paradigm shift”. For once a new innovation becomes accepted, the world has changed forever and can never go back to the way it was.

For more information on developing the skills for becoming an innovator, visit: Charisma

Thursday, October 18, 2012

Charismatic Leaders Increase Productivity by Formulating Plans

Charismatic leaders are extremely productive, because they measure themselves by their performance. This is one thing that helps them achieve goals that they have set for themselves. Experts say that to be able to succeed and live a comfortable life, everyone needs constant productivity. This is because when people are aim to be productive, they become more assertive in achieving their goals and dreams in life. If you want to get started in increasing your productivity like charismatic leaders, you should: 

- Always have a dream and hold on to it. Since productivity is a not an easy task to start with, it would be best if they start now by having a dream that they could hold on to. The scale or the size of that dream doesn’t matter, it can be a big thing or a small thing, what's important is the person is willing to do everything to achieve that dream. For some people, having big dreams work on them because they are looking forward to big rewards in the future that is why they are giving their best this early. Also, don’t rule out layering your dream inside the company you may work for. Companies like 3M and Google allow employees to use a percentage of their time on pet projects. These “Intrapreneurs” are motivated by self-interest which transfers potentially into greater profitability for the company.

- Avoid too much thinking. If possible, stop thinking at all times over something. This is because thinking would only bring in a mix of emotions that could be harder to handle and manage later on. To keep constant productivity, one must try to veer away from negative thoughts and only think of the things where he or she could something good.  This may be easily said than done, but “paralysis through analysis” could be the bane of innovation. Spend as much time doing as thinking.

- Let go of the past. Experts say that the first step to being productive is to forget the failures and mistakes that you've had in the past. This is because if you already accepted that there are things that are beyond your control, you will be able to forgive yourself and start anew. If you just keep thinking of the past, this will serve as a reminder of your failure.  And if you keep thinking about your defeat, you will undergo a never ending cycle of blaming yourself for the things that you did not really opted to do.  Use the past as a benchmark for what not to do as a cautionary note, but never use the past as a conduit for impeding progress.

- Set your own pace. While it is true that being competitive is a key in terms of achieving goals, there would always be times when you will get tired of running after so many things because you don’t want other people to finish before you. To be able to increase productivity, it is best if you run a race at your own pace. This will also be good for you because you can rest whenever you want since nobody is breathing down your neck to finish something.  Be the first to market, but consistency of action may be more effective at times than frequency of action.

- Think and take one step ahead. To be able to increase productivity, you need to plan ahead and do things ahead of time so you will be given more opportunity or chance in case the first plan did not work. Taking and thinking one step ahead are the best foundations of being productive because if you were able to develop these, it would be easier for you to take tougher and bigger problems or challenges along the way.

Although charismatic leaders are known for creating great organizations and ideas, you can emulate the habits of these leaders by replicating their productivity habits.

For more information on increasing your productivity, visit: Charisma

Wednesday, October 17, 2012

How Charismatic Leaders Solve Problems by Using “What If…?”

Charismatic leaders are often believed to create new organizations, ideas, and religions from thin air. Contrarily, these leaders spend a great deal of time imagining the possibilities from the vast reading they accomplish.  After they have done the research and analysis to a problem, charismatic leaders formulate solutions by asking themselves “What if…?” 

For the most creative solutions you need to get your mind looking in new directions for solving problems. One of the most systematic ways to do this is with a list of words, primarily adjectives, to create "what if?" scenarios. The process starts with the question, "what if it was..." and then you insert a word from the list.  "It" in the question is the problem you're working on, or the current solution or situation.

Let's explain the process with two examples.

Example one: You have is an unpleasant co-worker. You aren't sure how to deal with him, so you ask about the problem, "What if it was..." and insert from the list "smaller." How could you make the problem smaller? Spend less time with that person? Get reassigned?  "What if it was...  fun?" makes you wonder if being annoying yourself might keep the other person away from you. "Closer" makes you wonder if this person might be nicer to you if they knew you better. You continue down the list and work with each word a bit to get new ideas, which you will look at more analytically later.

Example two: Your house is too crowded because you're running your business from it. You ask, "What if it was..." and insert from the word list, "smaller." Your house is already too small, but could the business be smaller? The word "divided" might give you the idea to keep the business in just one part of the house.  Since most words on the list won't help, you can go through the irrelevant ones quickly. But don't automatically dismiss them without a few seconds consideration. "What if it was hopeless?" may seem like a useless question, or it may make you realize that you just can't keep the business in the house any longer. Moving into a rented office might be the most profitable of your creative solutions.

Feel free to create your own list of words. You'll want to use adjectives, descriptive phrases, and any words that can change your perspective. Here is a short list to get you started:

What if it was... larger, smaller, farther away, closer, sooner, later, easier, more difficult, higher, fat, rich, short, black, certain, hopeless, newer, boring, casual, subtracted from, cheaper, common, divided, more interesting, extravagant, subtle, or fun?

Just as with most problem solving techniques, it's important to allow the ideas to flow without judging them initially. You don't want to stifle the creative process. Take notes and evaluate your ideas later, when you have a page full of creative solutions.
Great organizations have been built with charismatic leaders staring at the ceiling weighing the possibilities of “What if?” If you want to effectively solve problems within your company, department, or even family,  begin asking “What if? 

For more information on developing effective leadership and communication skills, visit: Charisma

Tuesday, October 16, 2012

How Charismatic Leaders Increase Labor Productivity

Productivity is basically defined as the measure of “the output from a production process per unit of input”. In labor, for example, it is typically a measure of “output per labor-hour.” One area of great concern to industrialists and capitalists is related to labor productivity and the impact of the many factors around it – workplace practices, the advent of computers, capital infusion, education and training, and many others.  The main reason is the fact that while the impact of human capital investments on the workers’ wages had been studied extensively, there had been little information on the direct effect of human capital on productivity. The task of charismatic leaders is to inspire employees to raise their hourly input, which raises corporate profitability.  Measuring the impact of charismatic leadership on productivity is challenging to quantify, but may be better measured qualitatively.

Labor productivity
To date, however, there had been new studies conducted and published. These studies examined the link between labor productivity and a variety of workplace practices, capital and computers, both in the manufacturing, and non-manufacturing sectors.  In the conducted studies, the other issues factored in included the size and age of the business, material inputs, capital stock, workers’ experience, and capacity utilization.   

The studies were done to check the factors that determine labor productivity for a given period, employee competency, equipment, and workplace practices. They also included computer use, human capital investments, high performance work systems, profit sharing, and recruitment practices. One standout data, however, showed that increasing the educational level of employees by at least a year increases productivity as well. (8.5% in manufacturing and 13% in the non-manufacturing sector).  Under the charismatic leadership model, researchers note the emotional inspiration endowed by employees when a charismatic leader is at the helm. In this sense, employees are not mere worker bees, but part of an overarching mission that has been clearly stated and each employee is aware of his individual contribution.

Training and decision-making
Studies demonstrate that formal training (done offsite, meaning from schools etc.) increased productivity in manufacturing. Computer savvy also enhanced productivity, especially in the non-manufacturing sector (sales, services, etc.). Other findings include that unionization or employee participation in decision-making also raised productivity. Also, it was found out that TQM (total quality management) system did not have much significant effects on productivity. Rather, it was raising the proportion of workers in making decisions in the work place (regular meetings, etc.) that showed a positive impact on labor productivity. In addition, investments in education and training generate higher productivity. Moreover, it promoted higher wage growth. Studies have shown that raising the workers’ educational level resulted in approximately 8 to 13% higher labor productivity.  Charismatic leaders encourage high employee participation and self-development for the good of organizational objectives. The belief that employees acting in their own self-interest for a greater quality of life will not only increase corporate profits, but encourage employees to become more competent “knowledge workers.”

In manufacturing plants with profit-sharing schemes for non-managerial workers, there was a 7% higher labor productivity shown compared with their competitors in the same field. Those with R & D (research and development) had an average 6% increase.  In effect, the studies showed that profit-sharing extended to non-managerial employees had increased productivity more than what the profit-sharing scheme with managerial workers did. In short, the more “skin in the game” for employees, the greater the buy-in. Charismatic leaders encourage personal ownership of a mission. Ownership and performance based compensation is the hallmark of charismatic leadership.  The greater the productivity of the employee, the greater the inducement for charismatic leaders to encourage corporate ownership. In a global economy, where employees act as “free agents,” knowledge workers have to be provided greater incentives to keep from taking their talents elsewhere.

For more information on increasing productivity under the Charismatic Leadership model, visit: Charisma

Saturday, October 13, 2012

Avoiding Charisma: 10 Tips for Putting Your Audience to Sleep During Your Presentation

Have you ever fallen asleep when listening to a speech or presentation? Sometimes a little nap during a presentation can boost your energy for the rest of the day.  Speakers- if you want to be the one to put your audience to sleep, so they will be fully alert for other people’s presentations follow these ten tips.

1.    Make sure that your material is dry and boring. Make sure that your material is either highly technical or complex. If at all possible fill your speech with specialized academic content that is not easily understood without prior study and research.

2.    Do not include any explanations or illustrations to make the content understandable to the average person in your audience.

3.    Schedule your speech to be at the end of a long day or after a big meal. This will give added incentive for drowsiness and lethargy.

4.    Speak softly and avoid any expression or vocal variety that might distract or interest your audience.

5.    Stand still behind the lectern for the entire speech. Any movement or sudden gestures could wake up your audience.

6.    Avoid any variation in style in your presentation. Do not change from talking to using a flip chart, PowerPoint or any other kind of visual aid or prop that will attract attention.

7.    Do NOT include any humor or stories in your speech that might illustrate the important points you wish to communicate.

8.    Do not keep to the topic of the speech. Spend a large amount of time rambling about subjects or personal experiences that are boring and totally off topic.

9.    Speak about a topic that is very familiar to your audience. Keep your content to things that they already know.

10.    Provide highly detailed handouts, so that your audience will not miss out on any important information during their snooze. Make sure that you do not say anything that is not included in the hand out. For best results, just read the handout word for word.

Hopefully, by following carefully the ten tips outlined here, you will have the satisfaction of seeing an entire audience snoring quietly and happily throughout your entire presentation. If you do not follow these tips you may be alarmed to discover that your audience is alert and interested in what you have to say.
Learn how to electrify your audiences, visit: Charisma